Herbal Encyclopedia

Herbs A-M

Latin Name: Arctium lappa (Asteraceae/ Compositae)

Common Names: Burdock, Arkeion, Bardana, Prosopis

Part(s) used: Root

Form(s) used: Juice, decoction, tincture 

Dosages

  • Decoction: 6-12 grams, 1-2x/day
  • Tincture: 0.5-2 ml, 2-3x/day

Herbal Actions 

  • Vital Stimulant
  • Cooling
  • Somewhat Bitter
  • Dry
  • Dissolving and Restoring
  • Tonifying and Astringing

Clinical Actions

  • Vital Stimulant
  • Cooling
  • Somewhat Bitter
  • Dry
  • Dissolving and Restoring
  • Tonifying and Astringing

Constituents: Volatile oil, polyacetylenes, thiophenes, phenolic acids, sesquiterpenoid lactones, triterpenes, inulin, mucilaginous polysaccharides

Primary Uses: Diuretic properties assist in reducing irritation of the urinary tract; stimulates digestion by promoting bile flow and relieving flatulence/indigestion; reduces inflammation of the gastrointestinal and hepatobiliary tracts; mucilaginous polysaccharides contribute to effectiveness of herb when applied topically for chronic skin conditions; provides inulin, a dietary fiber, when consumed.

Cautions, Contraindications, and Possible Adverse Effects: Only dose gradually due to the possibility that cleansing reactions may occur. Can cause allergic reaction in individuals hypersensitive to Asteraceae plants. Contraindicated in pregnancy (except during the last trimester) due to the herb being a gentle uterine stimulant.

Written By: Sadie A. Garner, Clinical Herbalist
Resources Cited: Skenderi- p. 63, Holmes- p.696-698, Actions Database- p.11, CSCH Class Notes- Cell Environment

Latin Name: Arctium lappa (Asteraceae/ Compositae)

Common Names: Burdock, Arkeion, Bardana, Prosopis

Part(s) used: Root

Form(s) used: Juice, decoction, tincture 

Dosages

  • Decoction: 6-12 grams, 1-2x/day
  • Tincture: 0.5-2 ml, 2-3x/day

Herbal Actions 

  • Vital Stimulant
  • Cooling
  • Somewhat Bitter
  • Dry
  • Dissolving and Restoring
  • Tonifying and Astringing

Clinical Actions

  • Vital Stimulant
  • Cooling
  • Somewhat Bitter
  • Dry
  • Dissolving and Restoring
  • Tonifying and Astringing

Constituents: Volatile oil, polyacetylenes, thiophenes, phenolic acids, sesquiterpenoid lactones, triterpenes, inulin, mucilaginous polysaccharides

Primary Uses: Diuretic properties assist in reducing irritation of the urinary tract; stimulates digestion by promoting bile flow and relieving flatulence/indigestion; reduces inflammation of the gastrointestinal and hepatobiliary tracts; mucilaginous polysaccharides contribute to effectiveness of herb when applied topically for chronic skin conditions; provides inulin, a dietary fiber, when consumed.

Cautions, Contraindications, and Possible Adverse Effects: Only dose gradually due to the possibility that cleansing reactions may occur. Can cause allergic reaction in individuals hypersensitive to Asteraceae plants. Contraindicated in pregnancy (except during the last trimester) due to the herb being a gentle uterine stimulant.

Written By: Sadie A. Garner, Clinical Herbalist
Resources Cited: Skenderi- p. 63, Holmes- p.696-698, Actions Database- p.11, CSCH Class Notes- Cell Environment

Latin Name: Arctium lappa (Asteraceae/ Compositae)

Common Names: Burdock, Arkeion, Bardana, Prosopis

Part(s) used: Root

Form(s) used: Juice, decoction, tincture 

Dosages

  • Decoction: 6-12 grams, 1-2x/day
  • Tincture: 0.5-2 ml, 2-3x/day

Herbal Actions 

  • Vital Stimulant
  • Cooling
  • Somewhat Bitter
  • Dry
  • Dissolving and Restoring
  • Tonifying and Astringing

Clinical Actions

  • Vital Stimulant
  • Cooling
  • Somewhat Bitter
  • Dry
  • Dissolving and Restoring
  • Tonifying and Astringing

Constituents: Volatile oil, polyacetylenes, thiophenes, phenolic acids, sesquiterpenoid lactones, triterpenes, inulin, mucilaginous polysaccharides

Primary Uses: Diuretic properties assist in reducing irritation of the urinary tract; stimulates digestion by promoting bile flow and relieving flatulence/indigestion; reduces inflammation of the gastrointestinal and hepatobiliary tracts; mucilaginous polysaccharides contribute to effectiveness of herb when applied topically for chronic skin conditions; provides inulin, a dietary fiber, when consumed.

Cautions, Contraindications, and Possible Adverse Effects: Only dose gradually due to the possibility that cleansing reactions may occur. Can cause allergic reaction in individuals hypersensitive to Asteraceae plants. Contraindicated in pregnancy (except during the last trimester) due to the herb being a gentle uterine stimulant.

Written By: Sadie A. Garner, Clinical Herbalist
Resources Cited: Skenderi- p. 63, Holmes- p.696-698, Actions Database- p.11, CSCH Class Notes- Cell Environment

Latin Name: Arctium lappa (Asteraceae/ Compositae)

Common Names: Burdock, Arkeion, Bardana, Prosopis

Part(s) used: Root

Form(s) used: Juice, decoction, tincture 

Dosages

  • Decoction: 6-12 grams, 1-2x/day
  • Tincture: 0.5-2 ml, 2-3x/day

Herbal Actions 

  • Vital Stimulant
  • Cooling
  • Somewhat Bitter
  • Dry
  • Dissolving and Restoring
  • Tonifying and Astringing

Clinical Actions

  • Vital Stimulant
  • Cooling
  • Somewhat Bitter
  • Dry
  • Dissolving and Restoring
  • Tonifying and Astringing

Constituents: Volatile oil, polyacetylenes, thiophenes, phenolic acids, sesquiterpenoid lactones, triterpenes, inulin, mucilaginous polysaccharides

Primary Uses: Diuretic properties assist in reducing irritation of the urinary tract; stimulates digestion by promoting bile flow and relieving flatulence/indigestion; reduces inflammation of the gastrointestinal and hepatobiliary tracts; mucilaginous polysaccharides contribute to effectiveness of herb when applied topically for chronic skin conditions; provides inulin, a dietary fiber, when consumed.

Cautions, Contraindications, and Possible Adverse Effects: Only dose gradually due to the possibility that cleansing reactions may occur. Can cause allergic reaction in individuals hypersensitive to Asteraceae plants. Contraindicated in pregnancy (except during the last trimester) due to the herb being a gentle uterine stimulant.

Written By: Sadie A. Garner, Clinical Herbalist
Resources Cited: Skenderi- p. 63, Holmes- p.696-698, Actions Database- p.11, CSCH Class Notes- Cell Environment

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